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The Finger مجله تفریحی خوشجیل مشجیل - زبان برنامه نویسی اسمبلی
 
مجله تفریحی خوشجیل مشجیل
welcome to your magazine
 
 
سه شنبه 13 مهر 1389 :: نویسنده :

اَسِمبلی (Assembly) به مجموعه زبان‌های برنامه‌نویسی سطح پایینی اطلاق می‌شود که در آن مستقیماً دستورالعمل‌های پردازندهٔ اصلی (CPU) نوشته می‌شود.

به دلیل سطح پایین بودن این زبان‌ها، نوشتن ، اشکال زدایی و نگهداری برنامه مشکلتر است. برای هر خانواده CPU یک زبان اسمبلی وجود دارد.

این زبان به زبان مادر کامپیوتر بسیار نزدیک می‌باشد بطوربکه تمامی برنامه‌های اولییه همچون ++C توسط زبان اسمبلی ساخته شده است و همچنین اکثر کارهای هک و .... با این زبان انجام می‌شود. در زبان اسمبلی هر دستور زبان متناظر یک دستور باینری است . این زبان را با استفاده از آسیمبلر ها می توان به زبان ماشین یعنی صفر و یك تبدیل كرد. نرم افزارهای اسمبلر بر روی سیستم نصب شده و با وارد كردن كدهای اسمبلی و دبوگ كردن آن می توان آنها را به زبان ماشین تبدیل كرد.

اَسِمبلی 64 بیتی 32 بیتی و 16 بیتی در زبان اَسِمبلی با توجه به امکانات پردازنده و مقدار حافطهٔ آن از یک اسمبلر 16 بیتی 32 بیتی و یا 64 بیتی استفاده می‌شود. در اَسِمبلی 16 بیتی حافظه در ثبات های AX BX CX DX AH AL BH BL CH CL DH DL IP CS DS ... قرار دارد. در اَسِمبلی 32 بیتی ثبات های EAX EBX ECX EDX EIP اضافه می‌شوند. و در اَسِمبلی 64 بیتی نیز ثبات های RAX RBX RCX RDX RIP اضافه می‌شوند. حافظهٔ قابل دسترس در حالات فوق به ترتیب 65536, 4294967296 و 18446744073709551616 بایت است.





نوع مطلب : برنامه نویسی، 
برچسب ها : برنامه نویسی، برنامه، اسمبلی، اسمبلر، باینری، cpu،
لینک های مرتبط :


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